better known by the old name Tenasserim, is a division of Myanmar, covering
the long narrow southern part of the country on the Kra Isthmus. It borders
the Andaman Sea to the west and Thailand to the east. To the north is the
Mon State. The capital of the division is Tavoy (Dawei). The other main city
The division covers an area of 42844 sq-km, the population is over 1.3
million. The division is sub-divided into 5 districts: Amherst, Mergui,
Historically the area belonged to the Burmese kingdom for most of the time,
but was also sometimes a tributary of the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and
Ayutthaya. At the end of the First Myanmar War in 1826 Tenasserim became
part of the British colonial empire with the Treaty of Yandaboo. It was then
part of Lower Burma.
With the independence of Burma in 1948 the northeastern part of Tenasserim
became the Karen State (now named Kayin). In 1974 the Mon state was created,
taking the northwestern part of Taninthayi. As the previous capital Moulmain
is in the Mon state, the capital of Tenasserim was moved to Tavoy. In 1989
the division was officially renamed to Tanintharyi.
Mergui Archipelago, located in southernmost part of Myanmar, comprises over
800 beautiful islands. Due to its virtual isolation, the islands and
surrounding seas are alive with an amazing diversity of flora & fauna and
very beautiful underwater scenes and marine life.
The only human inhabitants in the area are sea gypsies, namely Salon in
Myanmar. They live on boats during dry season and remain on land during
rainy season. They still practice the same fishingg and boat building
techniques used for generation.